It’s the end of a big war (WWII). The weak spot in the Iron Curtain was West Berlin. People continually kept moving from East Berlin to the west side because of the tyranny of the Iron Curtain. So what do they do? Build a wall, the Berlin Wall to be exact. The Berlin wall was started August 13, 1961. A wall which, on the east side had defenses such as, guard towers, anti-vehicle trenches, and beds of nails. There were restoration operations and additions to the wall in, 1962, 1965 and 1975. Now, west Berlin was divided into 3 sectors, the American, British, and French sectors. And the Soviet Union sector was east Berlin (the Iron Curtain). The wall essentially separated freedom and oppression.
At one point the Soviet (east) side blocked the trains and roads that brought necessary food and supplies to Berlin. Mostly because the Soviet Union wanted complete control of Berlin, and could do that by controlling the food and supplies. But, the American Air Force and the Royal Air Force (RAF) with others provided the necessities by dropping it with small parachutes attached. This plan was a complete success, every day for almost a year the needed supplies were delivered. Which foiled the Soviet’s plans.
Even though there was a wall dividing freedom and oppression, some still made efforts to make it to the west side. The government told guards to shoot at anyone in attempt to escape. Many tried for a chance of freedom, some died, but hope for a better life was always there.
One German said that, “It was like a prison.” This wall also kept a barricade between German Singrid Paul’s first child, due to “a sequence of events with consequences beyond our wildest imagination”.
Gorbachev has referred to the communist theory as the “flawed model of a centralized economy and bureaucratic planning.” True, the Berlin Wall was a act of tyranny, and it failed.
The reason I bring all of this up today, is because, yesterday was the 20th anniversary of the tearing down of the Berlin Wall. It was torn down due to influence. And of course, there is always the famous speech Ronald Reagan gave in 1987.
We welcome change and openness, for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace. There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of freedom and peace.
General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” Ronald Reagan, 1987
And thus, it was taken down. And that is why tens of thousands gathered yesterday to celebrate freedom from confinement, freedom from tyranny, freedom from socialism.